FAO World Reference
Laboratory for
Foot-and-Mouth Disease

North America
ME Reports: 2003
ME Reports: 2004
ME Reports: 2005
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ME Reports: 2007
ME Reports: 2008
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ME Reports: 2010
ME Reports: 2011
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ME Reports: 2017
ME Reports: 2018
Middle East
North America
Central America/Caribbean
South America




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Last outbreaks of FMD
Country Year Serotype
Greenland never -
Canada 1952 A
USA 1929 unknown
Mexico 1954 A
The United States has suffered from nine outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease. Three of these occurred before the turn of the century, in 1870 (New England), 1880, and 1884. Since 1900, six outbreaks have occurred, in 1902, 1908, 1914 (22 states), 1924 (two separate outbreaks), and 1929 (California). All the outbreaks occurring before the turn of the century were traced to importation of infected livestock; but, since the development of a Federal system of inspection and quarantine of imported livestock, no outbreak has been attributed to admission of live animals.
Canada: FMD was first introduced in 1870. FMD type A was introduced into the Province of Saskatchewan in November 1951. The last case was reported in April 1952.
Mexico: FMD first(?) appeared in the vicinity of Frontera in the State of Tabasco in 1925. The outbreak spread from Tabasco into parts of the adjoining States of Campeche, Chiapas, and Yucatan before the disease was eradicated in November 1926. FMD type A was introduced into the State of Veracruz in 1946. In October 1949, type O was introduced. Further outbreaks occurred in December 1950 (type ?; Municipio of Espinal, Veracruz), in August 1951 (type O?; in another section of Veracruz), and in May 1953 (type A; La Isla, Municipio of Gutierrez Zamora, Veracruz).


Sellers R.F. and Daggupaty, S M. (1990). The epidemic of foot-and-mouth disease in Saskatchewan, Canada, 1951-1952.  Can. J. Vet. Res. 54: 457464.

Daggupaty, S.M. and R F Sellers, R.F. (1990). Airborne spread of foot-and-mouth disease in Saskatchewan, Canada, 1951-1952. Can. J. Vet. Res. 54: 465468.