Published Date: 2023-02-20 02:04:10 GMT
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Indonesia: (JI) livestock, continuing, control
Archive Number: 20230220.8708496
FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - INDONESIA: (JAWA TIMUR) LIVESTOCK, CONTINUING, CONTROL
A ProMED-mail post http://www.promedmail.org
ProMED-mail is a program of the International Society for Infectious Diseases http://www.isid.org
Date: Sun 19 Feb 2023
Source: Antara News Agency [in Indonesian, machine trans., edited]
An outbreak of FMD (foot and mouth disease) that infects cattle in Ponorogo Regency, East Java [also known as Jawa Timur - Mod.JH] is showing a sharp increasing trend: from the under 100 cases previously reported, now more than 300 cattle have been infected.
"Yes, most cases currently detected are in Sawoo District with 104 cases. The increased number of cases is suspected to be due to the non-optimal vaccination coverage", said Head of the Livestock Service Office, Food Security and Fisheries of Ponorogo Regency, Masun, in Ponorogo, Sunday [19 Feb 2023].
He added, "currently there are 8 cows that have died due to FMD.
"The most deficient vaccination rate is seen in Sawoo, Siman and Bungkal. Since the cattle in Pudak District have been 100% vaccinated, there has been just one case there, an animal kept outside the city", he said.
According to Masun, the deficient vaccination rate in the Ponorogo Regency may be attributed to one of the following scenarios:
1. the breeders introduced unvaccinated animals (no eartags) from elsewhere, and/or
2. local cows have escaped vaccination. Such animals are mainly found in the districts of Sawoo, Siman and Bungkal.
To minimize transmission, continued Masun, so far his party has sprayed disinfectants at the animal market twice.
"We will continue to carry out biosecurity, spraying disinfectants before and after the market opens," he said.
Masun appealed to the public, especially breeders to be proactive with vaccination officers, so that the process of mitigating outbreaks or prevention efforts can be optimal.
[Byline: Destyan H. Sujarwoko]
ProMED Rapporteur Mahmoud Orabi
[It is necessary to continuously monitor the efficacy of the vaccine used and the (maintained) identity of the circulating virus strain. For this end, vaccinated animals ought to be sampled in case they present clinical signs, to check in the laboratory if the causative pathogen matches the initial virus strain, against which the vaccine was supposed to confer protection. There are ample examples of FMD events in which more than a single FMD strain or even serotype were involved, leading to confusion. Identifying such animals in Indonesia should be possible since, as it seems from the media report, they are ear-tagged when vaccinated.
Indonesia's Ministry of Agriculture operates a website dedicated to the continuing FMD epizootic. The website presents (daily) updates on the course of the disease (number and locations of currently active cases, total confirmed cases, recovered, deaths, slaughtered) and of the vaccination performance. The data are spatial, to the level of districts and subdistricts within each province, while attending to each of the following animal species: beef cattle, dairy cattle, water buffalo, pigs, sheep and goats. A dynamic, interactive map is available at https://crisiscenterpmk.ditjenpkh.pertanian.go.id/peta-terdampak-pmk/?l=en. Currently, only one province, East Java, is coloured red, meaning that the number of subdistricts with active FMD cases exceeds 50% of the total number of the subdistricts in the province. Bali is among the provinces coloured aqua, meaning zero cases. The disease peaked in late 2022.
Among the other data: totals (accumulated), 602 206 confirmed cases, of which 563 971 clinically recovered, 14 263 slaughtered, 11 174 deaths, 11 939 684 doses vaccine applied. All data are also presented per province, district, subdistrict, cities, as well as per animal species. The disease peaked on 26 Jun 2022, when 13 559 new cases were reported. - Mod.AS]